Health desk -29 April 2021: The World Health Organization (WHO) has announced its new strategy to achieve interruption of transmission and zero new cases of leprosy in more than 100 countries by 2030. The strategy also aims to significantly reduce the burden of disease in the remaining countries.
This strategy promotes the development of innovative methods, such as the use of targeted proactive case testing and the possible introduction of safe and effective vaccines. “The WHO Regional Director for Southeast Asia, Dr. Poonam Khetrapal Singh said. “The implementation of the “Global Leprosy Strategy 2021-2030” will promote the sustained and rapid development of all leprosy-endemic countries, and promote the World Health Organization’s “Neglected in 2021-2030″ The realization of the “Roadmap for Tropical Diseases” and the “Sustainable Development Goals”. ”
The strategy calls for the development of a “leprosy-free roadmap” in all endemic countries to benefit from the comprehensive, cross-cutting approach of NTD’s new roadmap to accelerate progress. The main objectives include:
Cases of Zero Native Produce in 120 Countries
Global new cases decreased to approximately 63,000
The rate of new grade II disability (G2D) cases is reduced to 0.12 per million population
The detection rate of new child cases dropped to 0.77 per million child population.
The strategy is based on 4 pillars, including interventions in the following areas:
Implement a comprehensive national leprosy-free road map in all endemic countries
Expanding leprosy prevention work and integrating comprehensive active case detection
Deal with leprosy and its complications, and prevent new disabilities
Eliminate stigma and ensure respect for human rights.
In 2019, more than 200,000 cases of leprosy were detected in 118 countries around the world.
This includes about 5% of cases with obvious deformities at the time of diagnosis, which is equivalent to 1.4 cases per million population, a 40% decrease from 2014. Globally, the detection rate of new child cases is 7.9 per million children, which is a significant increase from the 2014 rate of 10.1 per million children.
The strategy puts forward the basic directions, goals, challenges and strategic pillars at the global level. In the case of high morbidity and low morbidity, it depends on the country’s NTD and leprosy programs to adapt these strategic pillars to national conditions and to select targets and indicators suitable for specific countries.