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'Sleep deprivation can increase your risk of diabetes'

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Health Desk- 8 Feb, 2020: Inadequate sleep can affect body's ability to regulate and metabolize glucose. Most people suffering from high blood sugar levels usually are the ones who do not sleep properly night.

When your blood sugar level is too high, your kidneys try to get rid of it by urinating. So, if you are getting up too many times to go to the bathroom at night, this can also be a sign of high blood sugar level.

In a study, healthy adults were asked to sleep for only four hours at night for six days. After six days, the glucose tolerance levels (the ability to break down glucose) of these people were measured. It was found that their glucose tolerance level was 40 per cent lesser than before - reaching the levels that are typical of older adults at risk of diabetes.

Additionally, when sleep-deprived people were fed high carbohydrate breakfast, their glucose levels stayed significantly higher than when they were well-rested.

When a person enters deep sleep, the nervous system activity goes down, the brain uses less glucose and other changes occur such an increase in growth hormone and a decrease in the activating hormone cortisol. That is why a sufficient amount of deep sleep is very important in regulating the body's glucose levels.

In another experiment, researchers manipulated people's sleep stages. The scientists disrupted people's sleep just enough to keep them from entering deep sleep but not enough to fully wake them. After these nights, the insulin sensitivity and glucose levels of these people went down by 25 per cent.

Experts believe this is the reason insufficient sleep can lead to weight gain and risk of diabetes.

People who have diabetes should be very careful with sleep. Because even a little change in their routine can make them experience lack of energy and fatigue. The more you feel fatigued, the more your body motor works and you become more likely to develop insulin deficiencies. Thus, proper sleep is as important as diet for people with diabetes.

There is no one formula for how much sleep one needs. One's sleep requirement is genetically determined and varies. On an average, we need 7.5 hours of sleep per night.

Courtesy: Times of India