Monday, 21 May 2018

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TB forecasted to increase in four countries

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Health Desk—May 14, 2017: Cases of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) are forecasted to increase in the four high burden countries (India, the Philippines, Russia, and South Africa) between 2000 and 2040, with the upturn likely to be a result of increased transmission of drug-resistant TB between people, rather than by strains acquiring resistance to anti-tuberculosis drugs, according to a study published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

While better access to treatment programmes will reduce rates of drug-resistant TB in countries with a high burden, they will not eradicate the problem alone, and current efforts may not be enough to reverse the epidemic.

Research into additional control measures will be needed to prevent drug-resistant TB spreading between people.

However, to reduce the burden of drug-resistant disease, the researchers recommend that treatment be coupled with ways to prevent spread of the disease, such as early detection, reducing the number of patients who do not complete treatment, and providing tailored treatment depending on which drugs the strain is susceptible to.