Health Desk—Nov 17, 2017: There was a time when Bangladesh was considered as one of the malaria endemic countries in South Asia as the disease was like the outbreak of small pox.
Many people died of the disease due to lack of treatment facilities during that time. As malaria is transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito, there was an urgent need to eradicate mosquito.
In the 60s of the last century, the then government with the assistance of the World Health Organisation (WHO) took steps for repelling malaria. The programme included spraying anti-mosquito medicines and providing a card on malaria eradication to each family.
Malaria is a parasitic infection transmitted by the female Anopheles mosquito. Caused by four Plasmodium species (P vivax, P falciparum, P ovale and P malariae), malaria is a public health problem in 90th countries around the world, affecting 300 million people and responsible directly for about one million deaths annually.
The government is working sincerely in eradicating malaria and the situation is is now improving. The number of malaria patients reduced to 39,719 in 2015 from 57,480 in 2014. The number further went down to 27,737 in 2016.
However, the number of deaths from malaria increased as 17 people died of malaria in 2016 against nine in 2015.