Health Desk-18 May, 2019: One in every four people with high blood pressure or hypertension is highly vulnerable to developing diabetes, says a multi-country study, revealing that around 23 percent of hypertensive individuals in Bangladesh’s rural communities are experiencing the chronic disease, reports BSS.
The multi-country study is being conducted since 2016 with icddr,b, based on analysis of about 2,500 hypertensive individuals’ data from rural areas in three countries – Bangladesh, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, according to an icddr,b webpost.
Revealing the recent findings of the study published in Journal of Obesity, head of the Initiative for Non-Communicable Diseases at icddr,b Dr Aliya Naheed said about 23 percent of hypertensive people living in the Bangladesh’s rural areas were found experiencing diabetes.
Additionally, she shared, around 24 percent were found with borderline diabetes (prediabetes), which indicates that about 47 percent of the people living with hypertension are at a high risk of developing complications related to diabetes.
The researchers defined prediabetes as fasting plasma glucose (FPG) between 100 and 125mg per decilitre (dL) without use of anti-diabetic treatment and diabetes as FPG 126mg/dL or use of anti-diabetic medication.
The estimate in Bangladesh is lower than that in Sri Lanka where individuals had the highest crude prevalence of ‘prediabetes or diabetes’ (73.1 percent) with hypertension, but higher than that in Pakistan (39.2 percent).
“Our research also found that the risk of developing diabetes is higher with individuals who are aged, have more education, or better socioeconomic status,” said Dr Naheed.
The icddr,b researcher suggested that the people with hypertension should be physically more active when they find their tummy size is increasing.
The World Health Organization (WHO) warns that diabetes prevalence has been growing fast in the middle- and low-income countries.