Health Desk--Oct 6, 2018: A new Lancet study claims intake of Vitamin D supplements does not prevent fractures or falls, or improve bone mineral density in adults, especially in women.
Vitamin D supplements have long been recommended for older people to treat or prevent osteoporosis -- a bone loss condition -- with some early evidence suggesting benefits for bone health.
However, the study, published in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology journal, found no clinically meaningful effect of vitamin D supplementation on total fracture, hip fracture, or falls.
There was reliable evidence that vitamin D does not reduce total fractures, hip fractures, or falls by 15 per cent -- a clinically meaningful threshold.
"Our analysis finds that vitamin D does not prevent fractures, falls or improve bone mineral density, whether at high or low dose. Clinical guidelines should be changed to reflect these findings," said lead author Mark J. Bolland from the University of Auckland in New Zealand.