Health Desk-March 13, 2019: Bangladesh has developed Cholera diagnostic kit namely ‘Cholkit’ that can detect the infectious disease rapidly and effectively.
The scientists of International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) in partnership with Incepta Pharmaceuticals invented the dipstick for the diagnosis of cholera in Bangladesh and beyond. A press release issued from icddr,b revealed the information on Tuesday.
Following a rigorous three-year research and development process, Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) has successfully met requirements and guidelines for such tests, which are capable of detecting Vibrio Cholerae from stools, it added.
Cholkit is an immunochromatographic test device – a dipstick that is dipped into a tube with stool specimen and provides qualitative result (coloured band) readable by the naked eye within a maximum of 15 minutes time.
A total of 7,720 stool samples were tested during the evaluation where Cholkit has shown sensitivity of 76 percent and specificity of over 90 percent while other RDTs showed around 72 percent and 86.8 percent respectively.
The icddr,b said the kit has the potential to be used at the primary healthcare level for cholera surveillance, for early outbreak detection and as a tool to monitor seasonal peaks in highly endemic areas and in peripheral healthcare facilities.
Dr Firdausi Qadri, a Scientist in the Infectious Diseases Division at icddr,b led the development of Cholkit.
She said: “Historically, all seven cholera pandemics have originated from this part of the world.
The management of cholera outbreaks depends on early detection of cholera cases.